A few weeks ago, I had to transfer money from one financial institution to another, and right before I submitted the transaction, a screen came up giving me three “transfer fee” options: one for $3 that would complete the transfer in 3 to 5 days; another $10 option for a one-day transfer window; and finally an option for $30 to complete the transaction on that same day.
While this probably sounds quite steep just to send your money from one place to another (and yes, it is steep), there is at least one silver lining to the whole process: I control my financial data and I have the ability to access it, check it, and transfer it somewhere else, essentially whenever and wherever I want.
But as most people already know, consumers hardly have that affordability when it comes to their healthcare data. I go back to an exchange had last year between former Vice President Joseph Biden and the CEO of Epic Systems, Judy Faulkner. The topic was access to patient records. According to Greg Simon, president of the Biden Cancer Initiative, who witnessed the exchange, Faulkner said, “Why do you want your medical records? They’re a thousand pages of which you understand 10”. To which Biden replied, “None of your business. If I need to, I’ll find someone to explain them to me and, by the way, I will understand a lot more than you think I do.”
There was plenty of reaction to that Biden-Faulkner interaction, with most of the debate around who actually owns patient health data that is inside electronic health records (EHRs). For the most part, people just bluntly assume that patients own their data (they say, “Of course we do, it’s ours!”), but it is actually not that simple. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) does not specify ownership, and state laws are inconsistent. So while it might seem blatantly absurd that you and I don’t have complete ownership over our health data, in reality, we don’t.
Right after that Biden-Faulkner exchange, I recorded a podcast with Niam Yaraghi, Ph.D., a fellow in the Brookings Institution's Center for Technology Innovation, and health IT researcher, who said that Epic is not a charity and that just because a patient desires his or her medical records doesn’t mean that the EHR vendor or healthcare provider has to give it to him or her for free. Coming back to my banking analogy, Yaraghi also said at the time, “You own every penny of your money in your bank account. Why are people completely OK with paying a fee to access their own money in a bank…but when it comes to medical data, it’s different logic?”
Granted, Yaraghi might be on somewhat of an island with these thoughts, but the point is that patient medical record ownership is not as cut and dried as some might think.
The Message from Federal HIT Leaders
That brings me to last month’s HIMSS conference in Las Vegas, where the message portrayed was as clear as day: a heavier push toward patient empowerment than perhaps anything we have seen before from federal health officials.
Indeed, it was Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Administrator Seema Verma who announced early on in the conference the launch of a new initiative called “MyHealthEData,” aimed at revolutionizing the relationship of U.S. healthcare consumers to their patient data. According to a CMS news release, “MyHealthEData will help to break down the barriers that prevent patients from having electronic access and true control of their own health records from the device or application of their choice. Patients will be able to choose the provider that best meets their needs and then give that provider secure access to their data, leading to greater competition and reducing costs.”
At the same time, Verma also announced the launch of Medicare’s Blue Button 2.0—a new way for Medicare beneficiaries to access and share their personal health data in a universal digital format, according to CMS. An example of Blue Button 2.0 being used in action would be a patient accessing and sharing his or her health data, including prior prescriptions and treatments, with a new doctor. Verma noted that while the Blue Button initiative has been around for years, the data has been in raw form, such as a PDF or Excel document, without useful context.
Of course, MyHealthEData is just a campaign; it’s not a mandate, or even a pilot that will go through phases of research and studying. So it’s fair to ask: does this patient empowerment push have enough “teeth” and substance going forward? I personally think it does, especially when you consider the comments that were made by HHS (Department of Health & Human Services) Secretary Alex Azar and leaders from the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) during that same week of HIMSS.
The idea that patients aren’t ready to understand their health data is “nonsense,” attested ONC National Coordinator Donald Rucker, M.D.. Another top ONC official, John Fleming, M.D., deputy assistant secretary for health technology reform, speaking more broadly about the healthcare marketplace, said, “Since 1965, the person receiving the care has not been the one who was shopping for it…We have to re-engage the consumer and we need to make pricing and value transparent.”
Meanwhile, Alex Azar, at a separate conference during the same week HIMSS was taking place, contended that one of the key pillars to moving in a direction in which value-based care will be accelerated and a true healthcare market will be created is “by giving consumers greater control over health information through interoperable and accessible health information technology.”
As I think back to what was said that week, and how healthcare and consumer engagement have evolved over the years, in some ways the government is basically just reinforcing what we already know and have the ability to do.
For instance, last week ONC released a guide, “Getting and Using your Health Records,” which essentially serves as a resource for patients on how “get,” “check” and “use” their health data. What’s interesting to me about this guide is that there isn’t any new information here—patients have had these rights for years under HIPAA. But maybe at the very least, awareness levels will spike up. And therein lies the key to so much of this movement: for patients to become empowered, they must be ready and willing to take control of their health.
There is still a ways to go, in my opinion, before patients are downloading their health data from their iPhones and sending it to the doctor of their choice, much like I did with my bank information a few weeks back. The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) wisely pointed out in recent comments that without the interoperability of EHRs, the true value of the MyHealthEData campaign will not be realized. Just imagine how difficult/useless it would be to “be in control” of your financial information without having the ability to send money from one place to another because of a lack of agreed-upon standards or business incentives.
But at the same time, the feds are serious and much of this aligns with the administration’s desire to create a true market for healthcare. So I do think we will see continued momentum in the government’s push toward “true” patient empowerment and a healthcare world where we will one day not have to ask the question, “Who owns my health data?”
Comments? Questions? Send to @RajivLeventhal or comment below.