The non-profit HITRUST Alliance has announced it is developing a risk-based framework, called the Threat Catalogue, to aid healthcare organizations in improving their information security posture by better aligning cyber threats with HITRUST CSF risk factors and controls.
The Frisco, Texas-based organization said it undertook this initiative to improve organizational visibility into threats posed against health information and to afford organizations the ability to prioritize their security program’s activities based on a greater understanding of their risks. The initial version of the HITRUST Threat Catalogue will be available in March.
The HIPAA Security Rule requires organizations to “conduct an accurate and thorough assessment of the potential risks and vulnerabilities to the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronic protected health information (ePHI).” HITRUST helped the healthcare industry address this requirement by developing a simple-to-use framework based on risk analyses performed by representative healthcare organizations and the underlying risk analyses used to produce ISO 27001 control recommendations, NIST SP 800-53 control baselines and other control-based frameworks, the organization said. By integrating these analyses with relevant regulatory requirements and best practices, the HITRUST CSF provides an industry-driven standard of due care and due diligence for healthcare information that has become the most widely used in healthcare.
“HITRUST actively solicits industry input on potential changes and updates to the HITRUST CSF and, unlike other frameworks, updates the CSF no less than annually,” Bryan Cline, Ph.D., vice president, standards and analytics, HITRUST and a governing chair of the Working Group. “HITRUST is now taking this level of responsiveness one step further with the new Threat Catalogue.”
According to the organization, the HITRUST Threat Catalogue enhances the underlying risk analyses used to develop the HITRUST CSF and helps ensure the HITRUST CSF and CSF Assurance Program continue to remain current and relevant risk-based solutions. The HITRUST Threat Catalogue affords better visibility into how the HITRUST CSF addresses extant and emerging threats and helps ensure CSF control baselines continue to address risk commensurate with selected organizational, system and regulatory risk factors.
“Most organizations do not possess the skill sets necessary to truly identify ever changing cybersecurity threats and associate these threats with the operational impact, tactical response and strategic planning required,” Roy Mellinger, vice president IT and chief information security officer, Anthem and a governing chair of the Working Group. “The HITRUST Cyber Threat Catalogue takes the guess work out of the process. It articulates the threats, maps these to the necessary HITRUST CSF controls, and provides organizations with a workable blueprint to define the protection mechanisms and strategies that are required.”
The HITRUST Threat Catalogue is being developed and maintained in conjunction with the formation of a new HITRUST Working Group.
Under the guidance of the Working Group, the HITRUST Threat Catalogue will mature over time and will subsequently focus its initial efforts on four principle tasks:
- Identify and leverage an existing threat taxonomy for common adversarial and non-adversarial threats to ePHI
- Enumerate all reasonably anticipated threats to ePHI for a general healthcare organization
- Map HITRUST CSF control requirements to the enumerated threats
- Identify any additional information needed in future iterations of the HITRUST Threat Catalogue to help meet its objectives
“The proliferation of intel feeds and services, whether provided separately, or integrated into specific security tool platforms, has added to the information overload problem. What I see in the HITRUST Threat Catalogue is the linkage and practical application that will lead organizations to take tactical actions that will enhance the overall security posture in response to the current threat environment,” Kevin Charest, Ph.D., divisional senior vice president and CISO, Health Care Service Corporation and a governing chair of the Working Group.